The combustion process—gasoline and air burned in the cylinders to produce power—also produces byproducts, carbon being the most relevant to this discussion. Carbon deposits inside the engine disturb airflow and air/fuel ratios, adversely affecting performance, emissions, and fuel economy to the point that it might set off the check engine light—and trigger the need for potentially expensive repairs. Decades ago, it was routine procedure to partially dismantle engines to remove carbon deposits. The Brits called it decoking. There was also the “Italian tune-up,” running the engine near redline to burn off carbon deposits.
Modern engines are even more sensitive to carbon deposits on such components as intake valves and fuel injectors. These deposits cause a rough idle, hesitant acceleration, and knocking or pinging, among other symptoms. In 1996, the federal Environmental Protection Agency decreed that gasoline refiners must add detergent to every grade of gasoline—regular, midgrade, and premium—to prevent carbon buildup. But eight automakers—Audi, BMW, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, General Motors, Honda, Mercedes- Benz, Toyota, and Volkswagen—deemed the federally required amount of detergent additive insufficient. They formed an alliance called Top Tier to test and certify that gasoline brands have additional detergent additives to keep their engines performing as they were originally designed.
Last year, AAA hired an independent engine testing lab to see if Top Tier gasoline cleans engines any better than non–Top Tier brands. The result? Top Tier gasoline averaged a whopping 19 times fewer deposits than non–Top Tier gasoline after only 4,000 miles of simulated driving. And for motorists who’ve been using lower-quality gasoline, the AAA study had good news. There’s no need to tear down the engine and decoke. As stated in the final report, “Engine carbon deposits formed when using [non–Top Tier gasoline] can be largely removed by switching to a gasoline that meets Top Tier standards”—though it may take a few thousand miles of driving. More good news: The average price difference between Top Tier and non–Top Tier brands was just 3 cents a gallon. AAA also found non–Top Tier gasoline reduced fuel economy by 2 to 4 percent, meaning that the higher cost of Top Tier brands is mitigated by improved fuel economy. Seems to me like pretty good reasons to stick with Top Tier gas. To find brands meeting Top Tier standards, go to toptiergas.com/licensedbrands.
A note of caution: Don’t confuse gasoline quality (which refers to detergent additives) with grade (which refers to octane rating). Buying a lower octane rating than specified in your car’s owner’s manual also harms performance and could cause engine damage. Buying a higher grade than required is a waste of money.
In the modern age it is very hard to know if the car you’re buying will hold up for many years ahead and prove itself to be worth the money you spent for it. As the life of your car unfolds, many people find themselves wondering if the car’s value was really what the dealer made it out to be. In the case of the 2015 Kia Soul EV, automotive data compilation and analysis firm Vincentric, LLC has done the heavy analysis and named the electric vehicle as the “Best Value in America.”
The Soul EV was recognized for its value as a result of the high value of the vehicle and low cost of ownership, but this award stands for more than just the successes of the Soul EV, as the entire Kia brand thrives on a commitment to delivering outstanding value throughout the entire Kia lineup.
The Kia Soul EV has been one of the most lauded new vehicle entries, an impressive zero-emissions vehicle with iconic design, practical features, and the best range of any vehicle in its class, so taking home an award such as this isn’t entirely without precedent.
If you’d like to learn more about the abundant offerings of the Kia Soul EV or any other new Kia models, come and see us at KIA of Lincoln. Our talented team will elaborate on the many advantages of this incredible vehicle, as well as those of the entire new Kia lineup. Soon, you’ll be test driving the model hat catches your eye and we’ll be helping you easily transition into ownership.